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Indications

Symptoms And Signs Of Dependency

A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.

Substance reliance - when a man is dependent on a substance, for example, a medication, liquor or nicotine, they are not ready to control the utilization of that substance. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.


Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.


The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.

Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include:

  • The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
  • The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
  • Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
  • Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
  • Maintaining a good supply - even when there is no money, addicts will always ensure that they have enough quantity of the substance they are addicted to. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
  • Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
  • Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
  • Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
  • Obsession - someone who is addicted will continue to focus more and more time and energy on getting access to their substance.
  • Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
  • Lack of acceptance - Many people addicted people refuse to accept. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
  • Abundance utilisation - in a few addictions, for example, liquor, a few medications and even nicotine, the individual expends it to overabundance. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
  • Neglecting leisure and pastime activities - as the addiction takes its toll, the person might abandon activities that used to be important to him. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
  • Stashing the substance - an addict might hide small stocks of the substance in unlikely places, like around the house or in the car.
  • Binging - Taking a lot of the substance at the beginning. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
  • Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
  • Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. Even cigarettes, which in a few nations, for example, the UK, parts of Europe and the UK cost over '11 for a pack of twenty; a 40-a-day smoker in such a territory should set aside '660 every month, almost '8,000 every year.
  • Relationship problems - alcohol and drug addicts often than not experience problems in their relationships.

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Those who are addicted to alcohol and drugs on a technical manner may be exposed to the aforementioned dangers, but the severe urge to consume drugs and the withdrawal symptoms witnessed by an addict may not be present.