Since 2013, 220 - 260 individuals were killed in the UK due to fatal road accidents where someone involved was above the drink drive limit. There were an estimated 240 fatalities. Although, the number of deaths is still high however they have decreased in past 35 years, where the number of accidents recorded were even higher.
Between 1979 and 2012, the number of fatal injuries and deaths due to drunk driving has fallen by more than 75%.
80 milligrammes of alcohol for 80 millimetres of blood is the acceptable volume for drivers in England and Wales, while the volume for 100 millilitres of breath is 35 microgrammes, and 107 milligrams for 100 millilitres of urine.
The limit is much less in other countries, as low as 50mg/100ml of blood, in other countries in Europe.
There is a difference between the drink driving limit in Scotland and other parts of the UK. The recent limit was set in 2014, where the drinking limit was only 50mg per 100ml of blood. 22 micrograms of alcohol was accepted for every 100 millilitres of breath too.
This was done in order to make the roads safer and minimize loss of life in the Scottish roads and make the limit match other European nations, says the Scottish Government.
You can't take a shortcut in this matter. To be considered legally drunk, the amount of alcohol needed is different for every person.
It is determined by:
The only sure way of ensuring you're under the legal alcohol limit is to not drink at all since even a little bit of alcohol can have an effect.
Alcohol badly affects the body's functions which are used during driving:
Your capabilities to see without any problems when operating a vehicle can also be compromised because you can get double and fuzzy vision. You are potentially likely to get involved in taking dangerous risks because you are encouraged to act on urges which you would normally repress.
Not drinking is the only sure way of being safe since all it takes is a small amount of alcohol to impair your senses.
You can be subjected to a screening breath test by the roadside if the police look forward to investigating whether you are over the drink driving limit. A breathalyser is used to carry out this test.
You will accompany them to their station for a more detailed breath test if you did not pass the first one done by the road side, or if there are more evidence indicating that your driving is affected by alcohol. Only the serious cases are taken to the station, where you are tested out with the complex breathalyzers.
To determine whether you have exceeded the limit or not, they use the result with the lowest readings between the two.
Although the policeman will choose which test to conduct, it is your right to request a urine test instead if the deciding test reading shows that you have exceeded the alcohol limit by over 40 percent. If the results are in your favor, you are good to go, but if they are not, then you will be charged for it.
If you get involved in an accident or in offences of moving traffic, then the police officer is entitled to administer the breathalyser test on you, such cases include disobeying the red light and banned turns, or taking any other action that gives the police reasons to believe that you are under the influence of alcohol.
Check points where drivers are screened for drink driving are usually set up around the major holidays and the police can stop whichever vehicle they choose to stop.
People who are apprehended for being over the legal alcohol limit, and driving will be prohibited from driving for at least 12 months and can also face financial penalties to the extent of '5000. You also have the chances of receiving 3 to 11 penalty driving points. A six month prison sentence is also possible. The severity of the drink driving offence will determine the penalty points, the amount of fine to pay, the jail term, and how long you will be disqualified from driving. The person will suffer from severe punishment if he gets caught more than once for exceeding drinking limit in 10 years time period.